Reading 1-Wire Sensor Data with the Omega

Tutorial written by Onion Community member Omega303

This tutorial is on how to set up the 1-Wire interface, connect sensors to GPIO pins and read sensor data with the Omega.

The Omega can read sensor data via 1-Wire bus system connected to GPIO pins.

Connecting Hardware

1-Wire sensors provide 3 connectors:

Read your sensors data sheet to identify the appropriate pins!

Connect the sensors:

Sensor Wiring Diagram

Sensor Onion Omega Resistor 4.7 kOhm
PowerSupply 3.3 V pin 1
DQ (data line) GPIO # pin 2

Setting up 1-Wire Bus System

Steps to setup 1-Wire bus system:

  1. Ensure you are on Omega firmware b270 or higher
  2. Configure the GPIO pin connected to the data line of the sensor
    • echo "w1-gpio-custom bus0=0,19,0" > /etc/modules.d/55-w1-gpio-custom
      • replace 19 with the GPIO pin # you want to use
  3. reboot your Omega
    • Check if the following folder exists:
      • /sys/devices/w1_bus_master1/28-000123456789/
      • Where 28-000123456789 is a unique id of your sensor and may look similar but not equally

Read the Sensor Data

  1. Read raw sensor data
    • cat /sys/devices/w1_bus_master1/28-000123456789/w1_slave
    • prints something similar for a temperature sensor [DS18B20]
      63 01 4b 46 7f ff 0c 10 d1 : crc=d1 YES
      63 01 4b 46 7f ff 0c 10 d1 t=22187
  2. Trimmed and formatted (for DS18B20)
    • awk -F= '/t=/ {printf "%.03f\n", $2/1000}' /sys/devices/w1_bus_master1/28-000123456789/w1_slave
    • would return